Champagne/Sparkling Wine (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Sparkling wine is a wine with significant levels of carbon dioxide in it, making it fizzy. The classic example of a sparkling wine is champagne.
English Cider (Wine / Mead / Cider)
This includes the English “West Country” plus ciders inspired by that style. These ciders are made with bittersweet and bitter-sharp apple varieties cultivated specifically for cider making.
French Cider (Wine / Mead / Cider)
This includes Normandy styles plus ciders inspired by those styles, including ciders made by various techniques to achieve the French flavor profile. These ciders are made with bittersweet and bitter-sharp apple varieties cultivated specifically for cider making.
Traditional French procedures use small amounts of salt and calcium compounds (calcium chloride, calcium carbonate) to aid the process of pectin coagulation. These compounds may be used, pre-fermentation, but in limited quantity. It is a fault if judges can detect a salty or chalky taste.
Gewürztraminer (Wine / Mead / Cider)
This is a wine grape that is used mostly in whites and grown best in cooler climates such as the American Pacific Northwest, Alsace France, and the Rhine Germany
Merlot (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Merlot is a red wine grape used in blending and is one of the prime grapes in Bordeaux wine.
Malbec (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Malbec is known as one of the six grapes allowed in the blend of red Bordeaux wine and is a celebrated varietal from Argentina.
Madeira (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Madeira is a fortified Portuguese wine made in the Madeira Islands.
Grenache (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Cyser (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Cyser is mead made from cider and honey.
Common Perry (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Common perry is made from culinary/table fruit.
Apple Wine (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Apple wine is a hard apple juice, but it is higher in alcohol for reasons related to production methods.
Braggot (Wine / Mead / Cider)
A Braggot is a mead made with malt.
Cider (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Cider is fermented apple juice.
Chardonnay (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety used to make white wine.
Cabernet Sauvignon (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the world's most widely recognized red wine grape varieties. It is grown in nearly every major wine producing country.
Cabernet Franc (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Cabernet Franc is one of the major black grape varieties worldwide. It is principally grown for blending with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot in the Bordeaux style, but can also be vinified alone, as in the Loire's Chinon.
Nebbiolo (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Nebbiolo, or Nebieul is a red wine grape variety predominantly associated with its native Piedmont region, where it makes the Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita wines of Barolo, Barbaresco, Roero, Gattinara and Ghemme.
New England Cider (Wine / Mead / Cider)
This is a cider made with characteristic New England apples for relatively high acidity, with adjuncts to raise alcohol levels.
Traditional Perry (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Traditional perry is made from pears grown specifically for that purpose rather than for eating or cooking. Many “perry pears” are nearly inedible.
Sweet Mead (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Sweet meads can be anywhere up to about 1.040 in finishing gravity.
Sweet Cider (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Above 2% residual sugar.
Zinfandel (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Zinfandel is a variety of black-skinned wine grape. The variety is grown in over 10 percent of California vineyards.
Shiraz (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Syrah is know as Shiraz in Austrlia, where it has long been the most grown dark-skinned variety.
Riesling (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Riesling is a white grape variety which originated in the Rhine region of Germany. Riesling is an aromatic grape variety displaying flowery, almost perfumed, aromas as well as high acidity.
Port (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Port wine is a Portuguese fortified wine produced exclusively in the Douro Valley in the northern provinces of Portugal.
Pinot Noir (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Pinot noir is a red wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera. The name may also refer to wines created predominantly from Pinot noir grapes.
Sake (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Sake, often spelled saké in English, is a Japanese rice wine made by fermenting rice that has been polished to remove the bran.
Sangiovese (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Sangiovese is a red Italian grape variety and is the main component of Chianti.
Semillon (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Sémillon is a golden-skinned grape used to make dry and sweet white wines, mostly in France and Australia.
Sherry (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Sherry is a fortified wine made from white grapes that are grown near the town of Jerez de la Frontera in Andalusia, Spain.
Semi-Sweet Mead (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Semi-sweet mead is considered halfway between a dry mead and a sweet mead.
Sauvignon Blanc (Wine / Mead / Cider)
Sauvignon blanc is a green-skinned grape variety that originates from the Bordeaux region of France.